The AAS is incorporated as an independent not for profit private company,
Divisions are established in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria (including Tasmania), and Western Australia.
A principle activity of the Divisions is the facilitation of technical and social meetings of the membership. Each year one of the divisions organises and hosts the national conference of the Society. Such conferences usually last for two to three days and attract international contributions. The Society is regularly involved in the staging of major international acoustical conferences (for example ICA, Internoise, Wespac, ICSV). The Society publishes the internationally regarded Acoustics Australia journal.
The Federal Council is the governing body of the Society. It is responsible for overseeing the activities of the Society and its Divisions in accordance with the Articles of Association and By-Laws. For the purposes of the Australian Investment and Securities Commission, Federal Councillors are Directors of the company.
Council usually consists of two Councillors from each State Division as follows: